Pinyin:Zhu li Latin: Phyllostachys Nigra
Black Bamboo or Phyllostachys Nigra is an evergreen Bamboo growing to 7.5m by 6m hardy to zone 7 in leaf all year. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind. The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils that are acid, neutral and basic (alkaline). Black Bamboo can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) and requires moist soil.
Edible Parts: Stem.*
The young shoots of Black Bamboo are cooked[25, 46, 105, 177]. Somewhat acrid when raw, they are prepared for eating by boiling in one change of water, the water being changed after 8 - 10 minutes. A distinctive taste and aroma. The shoots, which are about 5cm in diameter, are harvested in the spring when they are about 8cm above the ground, cutting them about 5cm below soil level.*
Traditional Chinese Medicinal (TCM) Uses:*
Black Bamboo leaves are antipyretic and diuretic. They are used internally in the treatment of fevers (especially infantile convulsions), vomiting and nosebleeds. Phyllostachys Nigra leaves are harvested during the growing season and dried for later use.*
The juice of Black Bamboo stems is antipyretic, antitussive, expectorant and sedative[147, 176, 218]. Black Bamboo juice is taken internally in the treatment of lung infections with cough and phlegm. The sap is pressed from young stems in the summer and then dried for later use.*
The epidermis of the stem bark is antiemetic, depurative and sedative[147, 176, 218]. Black Bamboo bark is used internally in the treatment of vomiting, nosebleeds, coughs etc. The epidermis is collected from young stems in the summer and is dried for later use. The root is astringent, antipyretic, diuretic and styptic[147, 176, 218].*
Phyllostachys Nigra has been used in the treatment of rabies. The roots are harvested in the winter and dried for later use.*
The canes make good plant supports. Thin walled but durable, the canes are also used for cabinet work and for decorative panels and inlays. The rhizome is used in making umbrella handles, wickerwork, canes, musical instruments and various kinds of handicrafts[25, 74].
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Source: Black Bamboo Phyllostachys Nigra Plants For A Future, England 1996-2008.
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